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Find your way to flags and control points to collect as many points as you can, and take your inner-orienteer up a gear.

What to expect

There are many different kinds of orienteering, but they all have a few things in common; a map, control points and you. Using a map and sometimes a compass, you’ll navigate your way around a small area to find ‘control points’. At each one there may be a number, letter or stamp that you need to write down or collect. Orienteering can be done individually or as a team and takes place in lots of different locations, including forests and fields. Run around, have fun and visit as many control points as you can.

What you’ll learn

Orienteering helps you improve your navigation skills and helps teach you methods of map-only navigation. Often, orienteering takes place in a small enclosed area, so it allows you to orientate your map, find the next control point and head towards it, sometimes just by looking at your position and the landmarks around you. You’ll make independent decisions and decide your own route whilst out on the course, which is great practice for map-reading on an expedition.

Fun facts

The term ‘orienteering’ was first used in 1886 at the Swedish Military Academy Karlberg and meant the crossing of unknown land with the aid of a map and a compass. Since then, it’s become a popular sport, with world championships held every year. There are also world championships of ski orienteering, trail orienteering and mountain bike orienteering held annually.

Handy hints

  • Bring a water bottle. Orienteering can involve lots of running, so make sure you have plenty to drink to keep you hydrated.
  • Grab some extra whistles. Having a whistle when orienteering can help you in an emergency, so bring some spares with you just in case anyone forgets.
  • Spare waterproofs. The weather isn’t always sunny, so bring some spare waterproofs just in case anyone forgets.


You must always:
Be safe outdoors:
  • Check the weather forecast
Hill walking:
Joint activities with other organisations:
This activity can be led by you or someone else in Scouts:
You can go to a centre or use an activity leader who is not part of Scouting:
You must find a suitable provider who meets the following requirements :

Activity Permit Scheme


Terrain Zero Activities


Orienteering gives everyone the opportunity to learn and develop navigation skills. Everyone can practice map-only navigation, learn how to orientate themselves and navigate using the features of the terrain. When completing the course, were there any landmarks on the ground which you could easily identify on the map? How did you use these to help you work out where you were?

Problem-solving is central to orienteering, as you have to find your location, find your next waypoint and find the best route to get there. Were there any times where you found yourself in a tricky situation? What did you do to get out of it? Thinking about the problems one at a time can often be the best approach.