What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which can often co-occur with dyspraxia, dyscalculia and ADHD. It’s estimated to affect at least 10% of the population and often runs in families.
Dyslexia primarily affects reading, writing and spelling but there are other common characteristics:
- Slow to process information (verbal or written)
- Is disorganised
- Difficulty following instructions
- Forgets words
- Poor short-term memory
- Confuses left and right
- Struggles to express thoughts verbally and in writing
- Finds it difficult to concentrate
Individuals with dyslexia often have many strengths such as:
- Effective problem solver
- Has a good imagination
- Practical – great at hands on activities
Every person is unique so it’s important to find out what their individual strengths and difficulties may be.
Individuals can become frustrated and have low self-esteem because they feel less able than their peers. They may also feel misunderstood if others do not appear to appreciate or recognise their difficulties which, in some cases, may lead to challenging behaviour.