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What is Dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia, also known as Development Coordination Disorder (DCD), affects fine and/or gross motor skills in children and adults.  Dyspraxia often co-occurs with other neurodevelopmental conditions such as dyslexia but can also exist on its own.  Dyspraxia affects around 5% of school-aged children and difficulties often continue into adolescence and adulthood. Males are more likely to be affected than females and the condition may run in families.

Individuals with dyspraxia have many strengths such as:

  • Being creative and original thinking.
  • Good at strategic thinking and problem-solving.
  • Determined and hard-working.
  • Highly motivated.

Dyspraxia affects the following areas:


Individual's with dyspraxia have difficulties with the gross and fine motor skills. They may seem to be clumsy or lack coordination. They may find motor skills (tasks involving movement) hard to learn and difficult to retain.


Speech involves the body organising and carrying out movements to create sound, so therefore speech may be impaired or delayed.


Individuals with dyspraxia may have difficulty in planning and organising thoughts and ideas.

Every person is unique so it’s important to find out what their individual strengths and difficulties may be.

Individuals can become frustrated and have low self-esteem because they feel less able than their peers. They may also feel misunderstood if others do not appear to appreciate or recognise their difficulties which, in some cases, may lead to challenging behaviour.